Casa Perla del Mar

Mayan Riviera Beach House

Home
Inside
Outside
Rates
Activities
FAQs
Contact
Map
Photos
wildlife viewing

Peter Greenberg Article

     
Things To Do Around Tulum

Mayan Ruins of Tulum & Coba


World famous bone & fly fishing

Snorkeling/Scuba Diving


Shelling

Paddle Boarding

Kayaking


Windsurfing

Boating

Golf


Spelunking

Cenotes

 

Wildlife Viewing:
Turtles

3 species lay their eggs directly in front of the house


Birding


Dining

Shopping


Relaxing


Beaches

     

GOLF INFORMATION
If golf is your passion, you can certainly enjoy your sport in some pretty spectacular settings in the Maya Riviera. Below you will find information on some very accessible golf courses just a short drive from Casa Perla del Mar.

PLAYACAR www.playagolf.com
This 18 hole, par 72 championship golf course, designed by Robert Von Hagge is just a 50 minute drive from Casa Perla del Mar.
Cost : $130 US dls. Per round including cart.

PUERTO AVENTURAS
Thomas Lehman designed this 9 hole, par 36 golf course which is a well kept secret among locals. This course is only 30 minute drive from Casa Perla del Mar.
Cost : $80 US dls. Per day with cart, $55 US dls for 9 holes with cart after 3 pm, $47 US dls for 9 holes without cart after 3 pm

BAHIA PRINCIPE www.bahiaprincipegolf.com
Robert Trent Jones designed 36 hole golf course. This course is only a 20 minute drive from Casa Perla del Mar.
Cost : $230 US dls for 18 holes par 72; includes cart, unlimited snacks and beverages plus twenty practice balls. Twilight cost : $130 US dls includes all of the above as well.
Cost Executive Course : $ 65 USdls, regular or twilight. This is a 9 hole, par27 course. Includes cart, unlimited snacks and beverages.
Rentals on the 18 hole course : Golf Clubs ( Callaway ) $ 45 ; Shoes $ 15
Rentals on the Executive Course : Golf Clubs ( Callaway ) $ 25 ; Shoes $ 15
Driving Range : $ 10 ( unlimited balls )

Playa del Carmen
This rapidly growing coastal city is located approximately 26 miles north of Tankah Bay. Playa offers hundreds of casual restaurants, shops, bars, several gas stations, banks and just about everything else you would find in a small city. Playa Del Carmen also offers a variety of bars and clubs for a night on the town. The bus station and taxis are at the town square (plaza). The two large grocery stores in Playa Del Carmen are Super San Francisco and Super Chedraui.

Ferry shuttles depart from Playa Del Carmen to Cozumel Island.

Playa del Carmen to Cozumel Ferry

Daily 5:00am, 7:00am, 8:00am, 9:00am, 10:00am, 11:00am, 1:00pm, 3:00pm, 4:00pm, 5:00pm, 6:00pm, 7:00pm, 9:00pm, 11:00pm

Cozumel to Playa del Carmen Ferry
Daily 4:00am, 6:00am, 7:00am, 8:00am, 9:00am, 10:00am, 12:00am, 3:00pm, 4:00pm, 5:00pm, 6:00pm, 8:00pm,10:00pm
Ferry schedules can change due to weather and other reasons. Ferry tickets can be purchased at the pier, on the corner of the Playa Del Carmen town square.

Dive Shops:

PLAYA DEL CARMEN
Cedam Dive Center
Buccaneers Landing
Akumal Explorers
Mayatech
Nautic Divers
Phantom Diversn
ProTec Advanced Training Facility
Scuba-Mex
Seafari Adventures
Yucatek Divers
Tank-Ha Dive Center
Tank-Ha Dive Shop/ Albatros Royale Hotel
PURTO AVENTURAS
Seafari Adventures
Mike Madden's Cedam Dive Centers
Cedam Dive Centers
AKUMAL
Akumal Villas Maya
The Akumal Dive Shop
Club Akumal Caribe/Akumal Dive Center
Hacienda de la Tortuga Hotel Suites
Las Casitas Akumal
The Original Akumal Dive Shop
Robinson Club

Tulum Mayan Ruins is the most magnificent Mayan ruins on the Caribbean Sea. The main pyramid, El Castillo, sits on a 10-meter cliff and has an impressive view of the Caribbean. The pyramid is also aligned with a natural break in the world's second largest barrier reef and functioned as a lighthouse for Mayan boats. Tulum means , "walled city". It encompasses the temple complex and a sacred cenote. Post classic period 900-1200 AD. Large market at entrance, bargaining is expected. Gas station here.

Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve is located on the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, south of Akumal and Tulum. Consisting of hundreds of thousands of acres of protected wilderness area, including tropical jungle, miles of coral reefs, beaches, mangrove and two large wetlands. Sian Ka'an can be accessed via the coconut road to Punta Allen or from highway 307, south of the village of Tulum. The coconut road runs south along a peninsula that separates the Caribbean Sea and beaches from the inner wetlands and jungle of the reserve.

Sian Ka'an is home to hundreds of species of birds, butterflies, fish, fauna and a wide variety of animals. Some of the animals which inhabit this region include; spider monkeys, howler monkeys, jaguar, puma, ocelot, margay, coatimundi, manatee and crocodile. The beaches within Sian Ka'an are also nesting grounds for such sea turtles as green, loggerhead, hawksbill and leatherback. Fisherman have long ventured into the bays within Sian Ka'an for bone fishing, leaving out of Boca Paila or Punta Allen. www.cesiak.org

Hidden Worlds Just beyond the entrance to Xel-Ha (south of Akumal) on the right, is Diver's of the Hidden Worlds, Dos Ojos Caves. This underground river offers spectacular fresh water snorkeling and cave diving. Guided tours are available at the road side building www.hiddenworlds.com

X-caret Ecological Park
This eco / archeological park is a must for first time visitors to the area. Located only 15 miles to the north of Akumal, Xcaret offers a wide variety of sites and activities. Some of them are: museum, dolphins, ancient underground rivers, shows, Mayan temples and village, the Coral Reef Aquarium, sea-turtles, diving, snorkeling, beaches, Jaguar Island, Butterfly Pavilion, the Botanical Garden and Nursery, orchid farm, mushroom farm, and the Wild Bird Breeding Aviary. Xcaret is a full day of activities. We recommend that you get there early. Hours: Monday to Saturday 8:30am to 9:00pm, Sunday 8:30am to 5:00pm

Xel-Ha
Xel-Ha Ecological Park is located about 5 miles north of Tankah and is well marked with signs. This large lagoon, natural aquarium offers; snorkeling, shopping, restaurants, water sports and Mayan ruins.

Coba ruins and village are located about 45 minutes from Tulum.

Coba was the capital of the largest Late Classic empire in the Northern Lowlands. Coba is a mammoth ruined city and is located 30 miles inland from Tulum. This archaeological site sits amid 5 small, shallow lakes and is very impressive. Coba is known for its great length of occupation. The earliest stele dates to a.d. 623 and Coba was occupied until the late Postclassic times, around the 14th century.

The main group at Coba is dominated by the Castillo complex. From this area a series of "white roads" or sacbeob radiates in five directions. Coba is famous for these raised roads, of which 16 are known. Coba also has a large late Post Classic temple known as Nohoch-Mul, it is one of the tallest structures in the Northern Yucatan. The view from the top is stunning. You can see the outline of the city in the jungle. This site is currently under excavation and is mostly covered by vegetation. Good bird watching and great photo opportunities.

Coba is a great day trip from Tulum to include hiking the ruins, shopping at the village and dining authentic Mayan cuisine. Don’t miss the Punta Laguna Nature Reserve check out www.yucatantoday.com

Tita Tulum is one of our most favorite places! www.titatulum.com  -- enjoy a wonderful lunch and this beautiful beach. Just before Tita is La Zebra where you will find GREAT live music & Salsa dancing on the beach – make a reservation for dinner

tita tulum map


Tulum Description



Tulum (Yucatec: Tulu'um) is the site of a Pre-Columbian Maya walled city serving as a major port for Cobá. The ruins are situated on 12-meter (39 ft) tall cliffs, along the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula on the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Tulum was one of the last cities inhabited and built by the Mayas; it was at its height between the 13th and 15th centuries and managed to survive about 70 years after the Spanish began occupying Mexico. Old World diseases brought by the Spanish settlers appear to have been the cause of its demise. One of the best-preserved coastal Maya sites, Tulum is today a popular site for tourists.

Tulum History
The Maya site may formerly have been known by the name Zama, meaning City of Dawn because it faces the sunrise. Tulum stands on a bluff facing east towards the Caribbean Sea. Tulúm is also the Yucatan Mayan word for fence, wall or trench, and the walls surrounding the site allowed the Tulum fort to be defended against invasions. Tulum had access to both land and sea trade routes, making it an important trade hub, especially for obsidian. From numerous depictions in murals and other works around the site, Tulum appears to have been an important site for the worship of the Diving or Descending god. Tulum had an estimated population of 1,000 to 1,600 inhabitants.

Tulum was first mentioned b Juan Díaz, a member of Juan de Grijalva's Spanish expedition of 1518, the first Europeans to spot Tulum. The first detailed description of the ruins was published by John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood in 1843 in the book Incidents of Travel in Yucatan. As they arrived from the sea, Stephens and Catherwood first saw a tall building that impressed them greatly, most likely the great Castillo of the site. They made accurate maps of the site’s walls, and Catherwood made sketches of the Castillo and several other buildings. Stephens and Catherwood also reported an early classic stele at the site, with an inscribed date of AD 564 (now in the British Museum's collection), which is interpreted to mean that it was most likely built elsewhere and brought to Tulum to be reused.

Work conducted at Tulum continued with that of Sylvanus Morley and George P. Howe, beginning in 1913. They worked to restore and open the public beaches. The work was continued by the Carnegie Institution from 1916 to 1922, Samuel Lothrop in 1924 who also mapped the site, Miguel Ángel Fernández in the late 1930s and early 1940s, William Sanders[disambiguation needed] in 1956, and then later in the 1970s by Arthur G. Miller. Through these investigations done by Sanders and Miller it has been determined that Tulum was occupied during the late Postclassic period around AD 1200. The site continued to be occupied until contact with the Spanish was made in the early 16th century. By the end of the 16th century the site was abandoned completely.

Tulum Architecture



Pyramid El Castillo (The Castle), 2008
Tulum has architecture typical of Maya sites on the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. This architecture is recognized by a step running around the base of the building which sits on a low substructure. Doorways of this type are usually narrow with columns used as support if the building is big enough. As the walls flare out there are usually two sets of molding near the top. The room usually contains one or two small windows with an altar at the back wall, roofed by either a beam-and-rubble ceiling or being vaulted. This type of architecture resembles what can be found in the nearby Chichen Itza, just on a much smaller scale.

Tulum was protected on one side by steep sea cliffs and on the landward side by a wall that averaged about three to 5 meters (16 ft) in height. The wall also was about 8 m (26 ft) thick and 400 m (1,300 ft) long on the side parallel to the sea. The part of the wall that ran the width of the site was slightly shorter and only about 170 meters (560 ft) on both sides. Constructing this massive wall would have taken an enormous amount of energy and time, which shows how important defense was to the Maya when they chose this site. On the southwest and northwest corners there are small structures that have been identified as watch towers, showing again how well defended the city was. There are five narrow gateways in the wall with two each on the north and south sides and one on the west. Near the northern side of the wall a small cenote provided the city with fresh water. It is this impressive wall that makes Tulum one the most well-known fortified sites of the Maya.

There are three major structures of interest at the Tulum site. El Castillo, the Temple of the Frescoes, and the Temple of the Descending God are the three most famous buildings. Among the more spectacular buildings here is the Temple of the Frescoes that included a lower gallery and a smaller second story gallery. The Temple of the Frescoes was used as an observatory for tracking the movements of the sun. Niched figurines of the Maya “diving god” or Venus deity decorate the facade of the temple. This “diving god” is also depicted in the Temple of the Diving God in the central precinct of the site. Above the entrance in the western wall a stucco figure of the “diving god” is still preserved, giving the temple its name. A mural can still be seen on the eastern wall that resembles that of a style that originated in highland Mexico, called the Mixteca-Puebla style, though visitors are no longer permitted to enter.

Also in the central precinct is the Castillo, which is 7.5 m (25 ft) tall. The Castillo was built on a previous building that was colonnaded and had a beam and mortar roof. The lintels in the upper rooms have serpent motifs carved into them. The construction of the Castillo appears to have taken place in stages. A small shrine appears to have been used as a beacon for incoming canoes. This shrine marks a break in the barrier reef that is opposite the site. Here there is a cove and landing beach in a break in the sea cliffs that would have been perfect for trading canoes coming in. This characteristic of the site may be one of the reasons the Maya founded the city of Tulum exactly here, as Tulum later became a prominent trading port during the late Postclassic period.



   

Home
   Inside   Outside   Rates   Activities   FAQs   Contact   Map   Photos  Wildlife Viewing